Scientific Name: Taruga eques
The Montane hour-glass tree-frog is a colourful frog with a flattened body, long legs and expanded pads on it fingers and toes. The dorsal colour is a mixture of brown and yellowish orange with hour-glass mark. The underside is white to creamish- yellow.
It is an arboreal frog, endemic to Sri Lanka and restricted to the highlands. The genus Taruga, an endemic lineage of frogs, was recognized only recently (Meegaskumbura et. al., 2010a). This is the only member of the form-nesting tree frog genus Taruga to occur on Nuwara Eliya. Easy to observe in the low vegetation along forest edges; females of the species are bigger than males.
These tree-frogs have been categorized in the IUCN Red List as Endangered. Amphibians are facing an extinction crisis and considered to have the highest extinction rate of any vertebrate group (Regant et al., 2001). Some of the major threats recorded for Taruga eques is, habitat loss due to the conversion of forest to cultivated land, commercial harvesting of timber, fire (in the Horton Plains), and the development of infrastructure for tourism.