The architectural design of Jetwing Vil Uyana involved the creation of a private nature reserve on previously abandoned slash and burn agricultural land. The design included the construction of a reservoir and ecological restoration using indigenous species, as well as butterfly and bird attracting plants. Scientific assessments of the existing biodiversity at the time of construction, and continuous monitoring since then, have shown that the habitats created — a wetland with reed beds, secondary monsoon forests and paddy lands — have enhanced the biodiversity of the area. The original assessment during construction revealed 24 species of butterflies, four species of fish, three species of amphibian and reptiles, 29 species of birds and 12 species of mammals. Currently, there are 43 species of butterflies, 138 birds, 25 species of mammals.